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Symbolic language in OCD
Simbolni jezik obsesivno - kompulzivne motnje
Project status: Completed
Faculty: Psychotherapy Science
Project leader: Mag. Urška Battelino, Psychoanalyst
Project runtime: 04.09.2016 - 23.10.2019
Research Focus:
  • Applied Psychotherapy Science Research
Topic:
  • Research on the Psychotherapeutic Process
Project leader:

Mag. Urška Battelino, Psychoanalyst (ubattelino@gmail.com

Project team:

 

Cooperation partners:

Univ.-Ass.in Dr.in Erzsébet Fanni Tóth; Sigmund Freud University Vienna; Prof.Dr.Mojca Zvezdana Dernovšek; University of Ljubljana - Faculty of medicine

Project runtime:

04.09.2016 - 23.10.2019

Grants:

none

Description:

English
In my research I am focusing on the theoretical concept behind the psychoanalytic treatment of OCD by introducing the conceptual metaphor theory which is my suggested basis for developing a model for the interpretation of obsessive-compulsive symptomatology. Recognition and understanding of the abstract meanings of an individual’s conceptual system can serve as a tool that, especially during psychoanalytic therapy, makes an important contribution towards a more oriented and consistent interpretation of the symbolic meaning of OCD symptoms.  Psychotherapy is a metaphoric activity. During the therapy the patient articulates their sensations, experiences and what the patient is going through with the help of metaphors, all the while the therapist tries to understand the patient’s metaphoric language and tries to, during the analysis of a patient’s conceptual system, attribute corresponding meanings to expressions. (Arlow, 1979) Psychoanalytical work is based around the use of metaphors, it is also a discovery of the unconscious metaphorical meaning of symptoms. The goal of  the psychoanalytical process is to reach an understanding  of a symptom from the point of view of its latent meaning. In my psychoanalytic practice and in my case studies I have observed that patients with an obsessive-compulsive disorder recovered faster after developing an improved understanding about what their symptoms were saying. They were then able to use this acquired knowledge so that they enriched their psychological thinking while at the same time achieving a lessening in the severity of their symptoms. They learned to read the symbolic language of their symptoms and translated the symptoms into relevant information. With this, the nature of their symptoms changed from absolute and passed into relative content. An understanding of the significance of a particular symptom for an individual patient will help the patient to understand the symbolic nature of their symptoms and this in turn will lead to a lessening in the severity of the disorder. I expect the results will show a lessening in the severity of OCD. This lessening of the symptoms helps the patients to see and understand their underlying emotions and to live a more normal life.
“ALL THIS PEOPLE WILL GREET” Trauma healing and recovery.
“SVE ĆE TO NAROD POZLATITI (Srb., Cro., BiH)” “V ZLATU TI BO POVRNJENO” (Slo)
Project status: Running
Faculty: Psychotherapy Science
Project leader: Mag. Mirjana Frankovic, dipl.oec.
Project runtime: 01.10.2018 - 31.10.2022
Research Focus:
  • Psychotherapy and Society
Topic:
  • Psychopathology and Society
Project leader:

Mag. Mirjana Frankovic, dipl.oec. (mirjana.frankovic@valeovita.si

Project team:

 

Cooperation partners:

None

Project runtime:

01.10.2018 - 31.10.2022

Grants:

None

Description:

English
PROPOSED TITLE:
“ALL THIS PEOPLE WILL GREET” Trauma healing and recovery.
“SVE ĆE TO NAROD POZLATITI (Srb., Cro., BiH)”
“V ZLATU TI BO POVRNJENO” (Slo)

A transgenerational transfer of script and unresolved trauma: a qualitative study with sample of up to 3 families across three generations (max. 12 women) who volunteered to be a part of a research.
In my psychotherapy practice I have observed people expressing some behavior, thinking or feelings that could be related to unresolved trauma transmission. Intergenerational or multi-generational trauma happens when the effects of trauma are not resolved in one generation.
In my project I hope to contribute to understanding of trauma transmission between generations using the concepts of transactional analysis. Speaking about transgenerational transfer of trauma we can say that the trans-generational effects of trauma occur via a variety of mechanisms including the impact on the attachment relationship with caregivers.
The objectives of my study and research are:
- Review the relevant literature on the phenomenon of transgenerational trauma and script transfer.
- Record and archive personal experiences of a small group of individuals, who as children experienced bereavement or other severe psychological syndrome of a close family member because of the unresolved historical trauma.
- Examine the presence of the script injunction “Don’t exist” and counter-injunctions with these individuals and their families.
The concept of “The Script“ as introduced by Eric Berne the founder of Transactional Analysis in 1961 and later on deepened by C. Steiner in 1974 is essentially the blueprint for a life course. Script can be defined as people’s grown-up life patterns that are affected by childhood experience.
In Transactional analysis theory there are twelve injunctions defined by Mary and Bob Goulding from which my project will focus on “Don’t Exist” injunction.
With people who have contemplated suicide it is most likely that their script messages include a Don’t Exist (Don’t Be) injunction. The same is believed to be true if people feel worthless, useless or unlovable.
Methodology:
In dept, semi structured interview will be conducted with up to 12 individuals.
A transgenerational transfer of script and unresolved trauma: a qualitative study based on Transactional analysis theory with sample of up to 3 families across three (women line) or possibly 4 generations. The general invitation to get the research sample – interviewees will be to be presented to main cultural communities and publicly published. The candidates for interviewees (self-selects, voluntaries) will be invited for an introductory talk where I will select the final interviewees. The inclusion criteria which I will apply
- Family of at least three generations.
- At least one family member has migrated to or from Slovenia.
- At least one family member is presenting the symptoms of what could be described as “Don’t Exist” injunction.
The exclusion criteria would be any illness where the health state of interviewee would be endangered, or the research could be compromised.
The interviews will be performed on my office in Ljubljana or at the place of living of interviewee depending on the age and movability of her.
As this is very sensitive topic and personal trauma could be encountered the psychotherapy help of 10 hours per interviewee will be offered by SFU Ljubljana. The interviews will be recorded and done in Slovenian or any other ex-Yugoslav republic language as I speak most of them fluently and the transcripts will be translated into English language. The transcripts and translations will be done by me. If the professional translator is engaged, they will sign the non-disclosure and confidentiality agreement. The interviews will be recorded, and they will last for 60 minutes, if any misunderstanding or ambiguities we will have second interview for 30 minutes. All the interviewees will sign the Consent letter and Study Information latter in Slovene and if they understand also in English language.
All collected data will be protected against accidental or illegitimate destruction and loss. Prohibition of unauthorized data access is guaranteed.
All data will be anonymized. Person-related data will be encrypted immediately. Person-related data will be deleted accordingly, after relevance for scientific/statistical work is not given anymore. All data will be anonymized before being made accessible to data analysts and data processors (e.g.: assistants performing statistical analysis or transcribers of anonymous recordings). The research will be carried out in highest professional confidentiality. Eric Berne in his book “What Do You Say After You Say Hello?” defined a Script check list and a Therapy Check list. According to Berne the psychological mental health is living without script and the Therapy Check list is a list of forty items which indicate that client has come out of script. For the research purpose I will try to show that by unresolved psychological trauma the “Don’t Exist” injunction is passed on from generation to generation. I will use Bern’s check list to define past and present script matrix of the individuals introduced by Claude Steiner.
.Scientific discipline: Common European Research Classification Scheme, annex to CERIF (Common European Research project Information Format, Official Journal of the European Communities, L189, 1991)
B 650 Psychiatry, Theory of Ego states, Script theory, clinical psychology, psychosomatic (70%),
S 263 Social Psychology (3%)
S 261 Differential and individual psychology (20%)
S 220 Cultural Anthropology, Ethnology (3%)
S 210 Sociology (4%)

References
Berne, E. (1961). Transactional analysis in psychotherapy: A systematic individual and Social Psychiatry. New York: Grove Press.
Berne, E. (1972). What do you say after you say hello? The psychology of human destiny. Corgi Books.
Drye, R. (2006). The no-suicide decision: Then and now. The Script, 36(6), 3.
English, F. (1969). Episcript and the "hot potato" game. Transactional Analysis Bulletin. 8 (32), 77-82.
Harrington, E. F., Crowther, J. H., & Shipherd, J. C. (2010). Trauma, binge eating, and the “strong Black woman”. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 78(4), 469.
Hey J. (2018). Psychological Boundaries and Psychological Bridges: A Categorization and the Application of Transactional Analysis Concepts. International Journal of Transactional Analysis Research & Practice, 9 (1), 52-81.
James J. (1984) Grandparents and the Family Script Parade, Transactional Analysis Journal, 14:1, 18-28, DOI: 10.1177/036215378401400104
Milivojević Z., (2008). Emocije. Psihopolis Institute Novi Sad.
Milivojević Z., (2011) TA School: Treating Psychotic Disorders Seminar literature and materials.
Stuthridge, J. (2006). Inside out: A transactional analysis model of trauma. Transactional Analysis Journal, 36, 270–283. DOI:10.1177/036215370603600403
Steiner, C. (1974). Scripts people live: Transactional analysis of life scripts. New York: Grove Press.
Ljubljana, 2.1.2019
Mirjana Franković
The effectiveness of psychotherapy in Psychoterapeutic outpatient clinic SFU Ljubljana
Učinkovitost psihoterapevtske obravnave v psihoterapevtski ambulanti SFU Ljubljana
Project status: Running
Faculty: Psychotherapy Science
Project leader: Dr. Emil Benedik, clinical psychologist
Project runtime: 01.09.2017 - 31.12.2020
Research Focus:
  • Applied Psychotherapy Science Research
Topic:
  • Research on the Psychotherapeutic Process
Project leader:

Dr. Emil Benedik, clinical psychologist (emil.benedik@gmail.com

Project team:

 

Cooperation partners:

SFU Ljubljana

Project runtime:

01.09.2017 - 31.12.2020

Grants:

SFU Ljubljana

Description:

English
The aim of our research is to investigate the efficiency of selected types of psychotherapies (especially psychoanalytic and systemic) in student outpatient clinic of SFU Ljubljana. We would like to identify demographic and therapeutic factors which are related to therapeutic process and its outcome as well. Adult clients both sexes, who will attend therapy in clinic from 2017 to 2020 will participate in the research. Before the beginning of therapy different data will be collected, egg. reported symptoms, reasons for seeking help, nature of their motivation etc. Prior the therapy the Symptom Checklist SCL-90-R (Derogatis, 1983) and CORE-OM (Clinical Outcomes in Routine Evaluation – Outcome Measure”; Evans et. all, 2002) will be administrated to all clients. After specific period of time the CORE-OM will be repeated, after the end of therapy The Questionnaire of therapeutic factors in individual therapy (Benedik, 2017) will be administrated. We aspect we will confirm the efficiency of psychotherapy at specific time interval and therapeutic factors which lead to positive therapeutic outcome will be identified.
Slovenian
Povzetek: Psihoterapija se v zadnjih letih v klinični praksi vse bolj uveljavlja kot ena izmed metod zdravljenja psihičnih motenj. Poleg tega pa se skuša uveljaviti tudi na akademskem področju, v znanosti. V nekaj državah že delujejo fakultete za psihoterapevtsko znanost, v drugih je psihoterapija redni učni predmet v fakultetnih programih medicine in psihologije. Ob tem se vse bolj pojavlja potreba po preverjanju učinkovitosti različnih psihoterapevtskih oblik pri odpravljanju psihičnih težav. Namen naše raziskave je preveriti učinkovitost izbranih oblik psihoterapije (predvsem psihoanalitične in sistemske) v študentski psihoterapevtski ambulanti. Prav tako želimo preveriti, kateri terapevtski in drugi (npr. demografski) dejavniki so povezani s psihoterapevtskim procesom in njegovim izidom. V raziskavi sodelujejo klienti, ki so in bodo vključeni  v psihoterapevtsko ambulanto FPZ SFU Ljubljana med letom 2017 in 2020. Gre za odrasle kliente obeh spolov, z različnimi psihičnimi težavami. V psihoterapevtsko obravnavo bodo vključeni pri različnih študentih psihoterapije, ki delajo pod supervizijo. Poleg demografskih podatkov bomo beležili tudi ostale značilnosti klientov, ki jih vključuje redni postopek registracije v ambulanti (npr. značilnosti njihovih težav, razlogi za iskanje pomoči, predhodne izkušnje s psihoterapijo itd.). Zbirali bomo tudi podatke o vrsti psihoterapije, v katero bodo vključeni, terapevtskem settingu, značilnostih terapevta in samega terapevtskega procesa. V raziskavi so uporabljeni sledeči merski instrumenti: Pregled simptomov SCL-90 (The symptom checklist 90; Derogatis, 1983), CORE-OM (Clinical Outcomes in Routine Evaluation – Outcome Measure”; Evans in dr., 2002) in Vprašalnik o terapevtskih dejavnikih v individualni psihoterapiji (Benedik, 2017).   Rezultati bodo obdelani s kvantitativnimi statističnimi postopki. Predvidevamo, da bomo potrdili učinkovitost psihoterapije v specifičnem časovnem intervalu, in identificirali ključne psihoterapevtke dejavnike, ki prispevajo k pozitivnemu izidu psihoterapije.
Personality profile and choice of psychotherapy method in psychotherapy training
Persönlichkeitsbild und Wahl der Psychotherapiemethode in der Psychotherapieausbildung
Project status: Completed
Faculty: Psychotherapy Science
Project leader: Univ.-Prof.in Dr.in Brigitte Sindelar
Project runtime: 01.11.2017 - 30.06.2020
Research Focus:
  • Applied Psychotherapy Science Research
Topic:
    Project leader:

    Univ.-Prof.in Dr.in Brigitte Sindelar (brigitte.sindelar@sfu.ac.at

    Project team:

    Univ.-Prof.in Dr. Jutta Fiegl (jutta.fiegl@sfu.ac.at); Christina Sindelar, BApth. (ch.sindelar@sindelar.at

    Cooperation partners:

    keine

    Project runtime:

    01.11.2017 - 30.06.2020

    Grants:

    keine

    Description:

    English
    SFU’s unique situation of teaching different modalities of psychotherapy "under one roof" opens the door for research across various psychotherapeutic methods in treatment as well as in psychotherapy training. In this projects connections between personality traits of students and their choice of a psychotherapeutic modality as well as aspects of mental resilience and attachement competence are investigated based on the Rorschach protocols (RIM) of students of Psychotherapy Science.
    Data collection took place during the first two semesters, when students are not yet familiar with the different concepts of human mentality, theories and treatment techniques of the particular psychotherapeutic modalities. Upon the end of the fourth semester, after they received introductory lectures to each modality offered at SFU they have to chose the modality of their psychotherapy training, starting the training in the chosen modality by semester 5.

    In this research work the Rorschach (RIM) data of the beginners are set in relation to their choice of modality two years later, being aware that the decision for a specific modality is determined by various factors.
    German
    Anhand von Daten von Studierenden wird Zusammenhängen zwischen Persönlichkeitsmerkmalen und Wahl der Psychotherapiemethode sowie Aspekten psychischer Resilienz nachgegangen.
    OMIS-1 RETROSPECTIVE STUDY
    Project status: Completed
    Faculty: Psychotherapy Science
    Project leader: Prof. Dr. Roland Schlesinger, MBA, MPH
    Project runtime: 08.09.2019 - 19.04.2020
    Research Focus:
    • Clinical Research
    Topic:
    • gynecological oncology
    Project leader:

    Prof. Dr. Roland Schlesinger, MBA, MPH (roland.schlesinger@sfu.ac.at

    Project team:

     

    Cooperation partners:

    Mag. Spanberger ESQH Vienna Office; Fr. Dr. Vogl BIOBANK GRAZ; Univ.-Prof. Dipl.-Ing. Dr.techn. Institut für Health Care Engineering

    Project runtime:

    08.09.2019 - 19.04.2020

    Grants:

    Third-Party Sponsoring by Tumour Trace Ltd. London UK

    Description:

    English
    The objectives to the study (primary / secondary target) are to determine the performance of QuickScan in characterizing low-grade precancerous abnormalities (HPV positive and/or CIN I), high-grade precancerous lesions (CIN 2 and CIN 3) and cervical cancer (stage pT1a and above) compared to cervical smear testing. Under laboratory conditions, the QuickScreen Device was able to perform on Cervical Cancer with an Accuracy >90% and Specivity between 86% - 93%. This retrospective study is the preparation of a Clinical Trial - Interventional Design (Multicenter in Europe and India).
    The Usage of Artificial Networking and Quantum spectroscopy for cancer screening – Head and Neck Cancers
    Project status: Running
    Faculty: Psychotherapy Science
    Project leader: Prof. Dr. Roland Schlesinger, MBA, MPH
    Project runtime: 03.12.2017 - 30.03.2020
    Research Focus:
    • Clinical Research
    Topic:
    • oncology
    Project leader:

    Prof. Dr. Roland Schlesinger, MBA, MPH (roland.schlesinger@sfu.ac.at

    Project team:

    Mag. Barbara Spanberger; Astrid Gantschacher (astrid.gantschacher@sfu.ac.at

    Cooperation partners:

    ESQH VIENNA OFFICE, TU GRAZ - INSTITUTE FOR HEALTH CARE ENGINEERING

    Project runtime:

    03.12.2017 - 30.03.2020

    Grants:

    Lancor Scientific Cancer Research Laboratory & TUMOUR TRACE Ltd.

    Description:

    English
    Detection of precancerous and cancerous cells based on using photoelectric effects and AI Algorithms to detect magnetic fields that are typical for malignant tissues.
    EUROPEAN NETWORK for CANCER Research in CHILDREN and ADOLESCENTS (ENCCA)
    Project status: Completed
    Faculty: Psychotherapy Science
    Project leader: Dr. Roland Schlesinger, MBA, MPH; Mag. Martina Gantschacher
    Project runtime: 13.05.2011 - 01.05.2019
    Research Focus:
    • Clinical Research
    Topic:
    • pediatric oncology
    Project leader:

    Dr. Roland Schlesinger, MBA, MPH (roland.schlesinger@sfu.ac.at); Mag. Martina Gantschacher (astrid.gantschacher@sfu.ac.at

    Project team:

    Mag. Barbara Spanberger; Dr. Nikola Lutsch; Astrid Gantschacher (astrid.gantschacher@sfu.ac.at

    Cooperation partners:

    ESQH VIENNA OFFICE, UNIVERSITY COLLEGE LONDON, SIOP EUROPE ASBL, AIT AUSTRIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY GMBH, CHARITE - UNIVERSITAETSMEDIZIN BERLIN, UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHAMPTON

    Project runtime:

    13.05.2011 - 01.05.2019

    Grants:

    EU Grant / Grant agreement ID: 261474

    Description:

    English
    ENCCA aims to establish a durable, European Virtual Institute clinical and translational research in childhood and adolescent cancers that will define and implement an integrated research strategy and will facilitate the necessary investigator-driven clinical trials to introduce the new generation of biologically targeted drugs into a standard of care for children and adolescents with cancer. This will lead to more efficacious and less toxic therapies that will maximize the quality of life of the increasing number of survivors of cancer at a young age in Europe and allow them to assume their proper place in society. This biologically-driven research agenda will improve the training of the clinical investigators and translational scientists of the future to spread excellence, increase capacity to participate in research and monitor outcomes across Europe. Patients and their families will be full partners and will be better informed about the need for and processes of clinical research. They will be in a better situation to care from their long term health risks for children. Drug development will be accelerated in partnership with industry through improved access to young patients with cancer, to academic expertise in care, clinical and biological research. All of this will be achieved with respect for the highest ethical and patient safety standards. ENCCA will bring all stakeholders to the table in a timely and efficacious manner. It will address the needs of all the current multinational clinical trial groups for the benefit of children with cancer. It will provide them with common tools and approaches to solve the bottlenecks in testing new therapeutic strategies for those rare diseases in a vulnerable age group and in running a competitive clinical research agenda. Ongoing efforts to coordinate EU and US clinical research will be reinforced. ENCCA will be led by the most active EU institutes in the field, recognized as being at the forefront of excellence.
    Cancer Type Characterisation by Opto-Magnetic Spectroscopy Based on Digital Imaging and AI Algorithms on - Cervical Cancer
    Verwendung von Künstlicher Intelligenz & Opto-magnetische Spektroskopie in der Krebsfrüherkennung am Beispiel „Cervical Karzinom“
    Project status: Running
    Faculty: Psychotherapy Science
    Project leader: Prof. Dr. Roland Schlesinger, MBA, MPH; Mag. Martina Gantschacher; Prof. Dr. Djuro Koruga
    Project runtime: 12.11.2017 - 30.09.2019
    Research Focus:
    • Clinical Research
    Topic:
    • gynecological oncology
    Project leader:

    Prof. Dr. Roland Schlesinger, MBA, MPH (roland.schlesinger@sfu.ac.at); Mag. Martina Gantschacher (martina.gantschacher@sfu.ac.at); Prof. Dr. Djuro Koruga 

    Project team:

     

    Cooperation partners:

    ESQH VIENNA OFFICE, MEDICAL UNIVERSITY OF BELGRADE, DEPARTMENT OF BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING AND NANOMEDICINE AT ECPD,

    Project runtime:

    12.11.2017 - 30.09.2019

    Grants:

    Tumour Trace Ltd.

    Description:

    English
    Classification of cancerous cells by the usage of quantum physical effects and AI Algorithms as electromagnetic changes occur when cells translate from a healthy state to a cancerous state.
    „Sprechende Gebrauchsinformation“ für Arzneimittel – speziell für blinde und stark sehbehinderte Personen
    „Sprechende Gebrauchsinformation“ für Arzneimittel – speziell für blinde und stark sehbehinderte Personen
    Project status: Completed
    Faculty: Psychotherapy Science
    Project leader: Mag. Martina Gantschacher; Dr. Roland Schlesinger, MBA, MPH
    Project runtime: 04.07.2010 - 28.10.2012
    Research Focus:
    • Clinical Research
    Topic:
    • visual impairment and blindness
    Project leader:

    Mag. Martina Gantschacher (astrid.gantschacher@sfu.ac.at); Dr. Roland Schlesinger, MBA, MPH (roland.schlesinger@sfu.ac.at

    Project team:

    Mag. Barbara Operschall 

    Cooperation partners:

    ESQH VIENNA OFFICE, Blinden und Seh-behindertenverband Österreich

    Project runtime:

    04.07.2010 - 28.10.2012

    Grants:

    ESQH VIENNA OFFICE

    Description:

    English
    Scientific evaluation of the application security of a novel system in blind and visually impaired persons, as well as opinion polls on consumer acceptance in Austria.
    Italian validation of the Preschool Anxiety Scale - Revised (PAS-R, Edwards et al., 2010)
    Project status: Running
    Faculty: Psychology
    Project leader: Prof. Simona Scaini; Prof. Marcella Caputi; Prof. Barbara Forresi, Ph.D
    Project runtime: 14.02.2019 - 01.12.2021
    Research Focus:
    • Developmental Psychology; Developmental Psychopathology, Child- and Adolescent Psychology
    Topic:
    • diagnostics
    • anxiety disorders
    Project leader:

    Prof. Simona Scaini (s.scaini@milano-sfu.it); Prof. Marcella Caputi; Prof. Barbara Forresi, Ph.D (b.forresi@milano-sfu.it

    Project team:

     

    Cooperation partners:

    -

    Project runtime:

    14.02.2019 - 01.12.2021

    Grants:

    -

    Description:

    English
    STUDY DESCRIPTION:
    Objective: The purpose of the study is to validate the Italian version of the Preschool Anxiety Scale Revised (PAS, Edwards et al., 2010). Anxiety disorders are the most common class of childhood psychopathology, with point-prevalence estimates averaging around 2.5 to 5% in community samples (Rapee, Schniering, & Hudson, 2009). Across the lifespan, anxiety disorders demonstrate some of the strongest stability of any disorders, have an early age of onset, and are associated with moderate to marked life impairment (Rapee et al., 2009). In the last years research have greatly increased our understanding of the prevalence, impact, and treatment of anxiety in older children, however very little is known about the nature of anxiety in the preschool age group (Campbell, 1995; Egger & Angold, 2006; Eley et al.,2003). To our knowledge, we have no questionnaire validated in Italian populations to measure anxiety in preschoolers. Thus, the Italian version of this measure could help assessment of these difficulties in general and clinical populations.
    Methods: 450 children and adolescents (age 3–6) will be recruited in school settings. Parents will fill-in several self-report questionnaires (see measures section), in addition to PAS, in order to assess construct validity. Statistical analysis, such as explorative and confirmatory factorial analysis, Pearson product-moment correlation, will be used to investigate factorial structure and psychometric properties. The questionnaire will be readministered one month later in order to test the test-retest reliability.
    Parents will be informed about the aims of the research and will sign an informed consent in order to allow their children’s participation in the study in accordance with Declaration of Helsinki.
    Instagram and body image: a longitudinal study
    Instagram e immagine corporea: uno studio longitudinale
    Project status: Completed
    Faculty: Psychology
    Project leader: Prof. Simona Scaini, PhD; Prof. Barbara Forresi, PhD; Prof Marcella Caputi
    Project runtime: 15.11.2018 - 12.06.2020
    Research Focus:
    • Developmental Psychology; Developmental Psychopathology, Child- and Adolescent Psychology
    Topic:
    • social media
    Project leader:

    Prof. Simona Scaini, PhD (s.scaini@milano-sfu.it); Prof. Barbara Forresi, PhD (b.forresi@milano-sfu.it); Prof Marcella Caputi 

    Project team:

    Mr. Marco Codenotti (codenottimarco@gmail.com); Mr. Sasha Mattia Criscuolo (sasha.mattia.criscuolo@gmail.com

    Cooperation partners:

    keine

    Project runtime:

    15.11.2018 - 12.06.2020

    Grants:

    keine

    Description:

    English
    Introduction
    Decades of research have documented the negative influence that traditional media (e.g. magazines and television) has on people’s body image concerns (Groesz et al., 2002; Grabe et al., 2008; Bartlett et al., 2008).The growing body of literature that is beginning to investigate the consequences of new forms of social media on body image, indicates that social network usage (various studies specifically examine Facebook usage) is associated with increased body dissatisfaction (Holland and Tiggemann, 2016; Fardouly et a., 2015; Tiggemann and Slater, 2013). Although most of the research done on body dissatisfaction has been done on females, it has become a pervasive problem also for men (Jung, Forbes, & Chan, 2010; Mishkind et al. 1986; Neighbors & Sobal, 2007). Dissatisfaction with muscle size and desire to increase it is widespread in men, as reported in both qualitative (Ridgeway and Tylka, 2005) and quantitative studies (Frederick et al., 2007; Tiggemann, Martins, & Churchett, 2008).A longitudinal study (De Vries et al., 2016) done on male and female high school students  showed that greater social media usage predicted greater body dissatisfaction, but body dissatisfaction did not predict social media usage. This suggested that social media negatively impacts people’s body image, rather than social media being sought out by who has high body dissatisfaction.According to Thompson’s socio cultural model, thinness-ideal internalization in women and muscularity-ideal internalization in men are thought to directly foster body dissatisfaction because these ideals are virtually unattainable for most (1999, 2001). Social comparison, peer appearance-related feedback and thinness-ideal internalization have been identified as mediators in the relationship between Social Network Usage and Body Dissatisfaction/body image concerns (Fardouly and Vartanian, 2015; Vries et al., 2016; Lawler and Nixon, 2011). In a detailed study of different Facebook activities, Meier and Gray (2014) determined that time on Facebook wasn’t directly related to body image concerns. Instead, engaging in photo-related activities (e.g. sharing and posting photos of oneself and friends) was.McLean et al. (2015) showed how girls that often shared self-images on socialmedia, compared to those who did not, reported significantly higher body dissatisfaction,and internalization of the thin ideal. Furthermore, editing photos more often and higher “photo investment” were found to be highly associated with body dissatisfaction.Facebook has been the focus of most of the research on social media and body image. However, Instagram is more image-based than Facebook, and thus may provide moreopportunities for users to compare their appearance to Others. (Fardouly and Vartanian, 2016).  The current study aims to investigate the relationship between instagram usage, photo manipulation and investment (McLean et al, 2015) and body image concerns in both male and female adolescents.The main goal of this study is to test two proposed hypothesis’ that have not yet been examined in a longitudinal study:
    • Low self-esteem and high internalization of societal ideals of beauty will lead to increased media use which, in turn, will lead to higher body dissatisfaction through social comparison. This would be in line with Perfloff’s model (2014).
    • Photo manipulation predicts body image concerns through body surveillance (i.e. body surveillance is a mediator in the relationship between photo manipulation and body image concerns), as proposed by McLean et al (2015)
    To our knowledge, this would be the first study done in Italy on Instagram use and body image concerns/satisfaction 

    Procedure
    The study will consist in a three wave panel study, with approximately six months between waves. This will allow to test also for mediating variables. Participants who accept to participate will be asked to complete a self-report questionnaire in italian with questions regarding Instagram usage, self-photo related activities and body satisfaction. The administered questionnaire will be the same in all three waves. 

    Participants Around 500 italian high-school students (both male and female) attending grades 9th through 12th in the first wave. Students attending grade 13 (last year) will be excluded since it would not be possible to collect their data in the third wave. The study will be conducted on adolescents (13-19 years old), given the pivotal role that body image plays in adolescent development and wellbeing (Markey 2010).
    Italian validation of the Anger Regulation and Expression Scale (ARES, DiGiuseppe & Tafrate, 2011) and the Anger Cognition Scale (ACS, Martin & Dahlen, 2017).
    Project status: Completed
    Faculty: Psychology
    Project leader: Dr Simona Scaini
    Project runtime: 14.02.2019 - 01.12.2019
    Research Focus:
    • Developmental Psychology; Developmental Psychopathology, Child- and Adolescent Psychology
    Topic:
    • diagnostics
    • aggression
    Project leader:

    Dr Simona Scaini (s.scaini@milano-sfu.it

    Project team:

     

    Cooperation partners:

    Studi Cognitivi

    Project runtime:

    14.02.2019 - 01.12.2019

    Grants:

    -

    Description:

    English
    STUDY DESCRIPTION:Objective: The purpose of the study was to validate Italian version of the Anger Regulation and Expression Scale (ARES, DiGiuseppe & Tafrate, 2011) and the Anger Cognition Scale (ACS, Martin & Dahlen, 2017). A number of CBT interventions have been used to treat clinically disturbed anger and aggressive expression of anger. However, to our knowledge, we have no Italian scales to measure anger in childhood and adolescence. Thus, the Italian version of these two measures could help assessment of these difficulties in clinical practice. Methods: 500 children and adolescents (age 11–18) will be recruited in school settings. Children and adolescents will fill-in several self-report questionnaires (see measures section), in addition to ARES and ACS, in order to assess construct validity. Statistical analysis, such as explorative and confirmatory factorial analysis, Pearson product-moment correlation, will be used to investigate factorial structure and psychometric properties. Parents will be informed about the aims of the research and will sign an informed consent in order to allow their children’s participation in the study in accordance with Declaration of Helsinki.
    Italian validation of the FilmStim database
    Project status: Running
    Faculty: Psychology
    Project leader: D S Scaini
    Project runtime: 14.02.2019 - 01.12.2020
    Research Focus:
    • Developmental Psychology; Developmental Psychopathology, Child- and Adolescent Psychology
    Topic:
    • diagnostics
    Project leader:

    D S Scaini (s.scaini@milano-sfu.it

    Project team:

     

    Cooperation partners:

    Vita-Salute San Raffaele University Milan

    Project runtime:

    14.02.2019 - 01.12.2020

    Grants:

    -

    Description:

    English
    Short Study Description: Objective: The present study aims to validate the Italian version of FilmStim (Schaefer, Nils, Sanchez, & Philippot, 2010), a large database of emotion-eliciting films. Actually, FilmStim includes 70 brief video clips that could be used in psychological research to elicit 7 emotional categories (anger, happiness, fear, disgust, sadness, tenderness and neutral). FilmStim is quite used in experimental research on emotion and affect as it has been shown to be effective in eliciting participants' emotions, as also indicated by the quite number of citations the paper validating the database has received until now (467 citations on Google Scholar at October, 12th, 2018). Currently, the database has been validated in French and with Belgian adult participants (364 undergraduate students were recruited in the original study). An English version of the stimuli tested by Schaefer et al. (2010) have been made available by the Authors themselves without being validated.
    In this study we aim at examining the effectiveness of the Italian version of the FilmStim stimuli. The selection of appropriate and effective emotional stimuli is crucial in affective sciences. Despite the widespread use of static pictures for inducing emotions, it has been showed that videos are even more effective than pictures; their dynamic nature and the co-occurrence of visual and auditory information allow to involve participants in more realistic situations (e.g., Gross & Levenson, 1995).
    Indeed, emotion expression and perception may be also affected by the linguistic content of the message and the socio-cultural environment (e.g., Elfenbein & Ambady, 2002; Kitayama, Mesquita, & Karasawa, 2006); thus, before being properly used in Italian, FilmStim needs validation with Italian-speaking participants who live in Italy. Moreover, to further extend the database usability, we aim at investigating emotional reactivity to FilmStim stimuli in a sample of adolescents (age 14-18). The study of emotions in adolescents is of interest since deficits in emotion recognition could lead to poor social functioning and to the development and maintenance of psychopathologies. Several studies in literature, using affectively valent stimuli, established that there are important differences between typical and atypical groups of individuals in the recognition and processing of emotionally valent information. Different relationships between the valence (pleasant or unpleasant) and the reaction (levels of arousal or intensity) to an emotional stimulus have been found. Moreover, also in young patients, it has been showed a dissociation between the psychological reporting and the autonomic change in the recognition, appraisal and response to emotions of differing valences (e.g. Blair, 2003; Bylsma, Morris, & Rottenberg, 2008). Thus, identifying and measuring subjective emotional reactivity could be particularly important in young patients. Adequate expression and interpretation of emotions are important steps to a successful social performance. The identification of processes underling the development and maintenance of deficit in these abilities is important not only from a diagnostic point of view and for determining trait complexity but will also offer the base for a correct assessment and treatment of psychological disorders in adolescence.
    Serious Games: Prevention of Stress for the Medical Staff of the German Federal Armed Forces
    Machbarkeitsuntersuchung für die wissenschaftliche Entwicklung einer psychoedukativen E-Mental Health Komponente zur Stressprävention für ein bestehendes simulationsbasiertes sanitätsdienstliches Training für Nicht-Sanitätspersonal und Sanitätspersonal de
    Project status: Completed
    Faculty: Medicine
    Project leader: PD Dr. Marko Hofmann
    Project runtime: 01.01.2019 - 30.04.2019
    Research Focus:
    • E-Mental-Health and digital media
    Topic:
    • Stress Prevention
    Project leader:

    PD Dr. Marko Hofmann (marko.hofmann@unibw.de

    Project team:

    Univ.-Prof. Dr. Christiane Eichenberg (eichenberg@sfu.ac.at

    Cooperation partners:

    Universität der Bundeswehr München, Fakultät für Informatik

    Project runtime:

    01.01.2019 - 30.04.2019

    Grants:

    Sanitätsakademie der Bundeswehr in München, Deutschland

    Description:

    English
    It will be investigated under which conditions psychological learning content for stress prevention can be integrated into a virtual learning environment for non-medical personnel and medical personnel.
    German
    Es soll erforscht werden, unter welchen Bedingungen psychologische Lerninhalte zur Stressprävention in eine virtuelle Lernumgebung für Nicht-Sanitätspersonal und Sanitätspersonal integriert werden können.
    Changes in couple and family relationships in the age of digital media
    Veränderungen von Paar- und Familienbeziehungen im Zeitalter digitaler Medien
    Project status: Completed
    Faculty: Medicine
    Project leader: Univ.-Prof. Dr. Christiane Eichenberg
    Project runtime: 21.06.2018 - 21.06.2020
    Research Focus:
    • E-Mental-Health and digital media
    Topic:
    • Attachment Research
    Project leader:

    Univ.-Prof. Dr. Christiane Eichenberg (eichenberg@sfu.ac.at

    Project team:

    Mag. Cornelia Küsel (kuesel.cornelia@gmail.com); Jessica Huss (jessi_huss@web.de

    Cooperation partners:

    s.u.

    Project runtime:

    21.06.2018 - 21.06.2020

    Grants:

    keine

    Description:

    English
    The development of digital media in the last 20 years has led to changes in many areas of daily life. This also includes family relationships: From the very early stages of initiating relationships to separations, the Internet has the potential to influence family relationships. The project systematizes and discusses these influences along the typical course of relationships (relationship initiation, development, family formation, separation) and focuses on intergenerational opportunities and conflicts associated with modern media use. Against the background of psychological as well as media and communication theories and empirical findings, answers will be given to the following questions.
    1. Initiating and developing relationships: How do you get to know new partners in the modern media age? Who uses online dating platforms for which motives? Do online partnerships differ from offline ones in terms of relationship development and satisfaction? What options does digital networking offer with regard to modern forms of starting a family? What are the negative trends in the context of online dating (e.g. love scamming, ghosting, cyberstalking, etc.)?
    2. Relationship development and existing partnerships: What influence does modern media use have on existing partnerships? How do couples design their internal communication using the Internet and smartphones? What new options are opening up, but also what Internet-related challenges do couples have to face today? How effective are online intervention services for partnership problems?
    3. Separations: What influence does the Internet have on separations? Can separations and divorces also be carried out online and what options do the (separated) couples use.
    The problems associated with modern media use are increasingly becoming the subject of counselling and psychotherapy. It is therefore important that psychosocial professionals are also familiar with the trends in digital media and online dating.
    German
    Die Entwicklung der digitalen Medien in den letzten 20 Jahren hat in vielen Bereichen des täglichen Lebens zu Veränderungen. Dazu gehören auch die familiärer Beziehungen: Von den sehr frühen Stadien der Anbahnung von Beziehungen bis hin zu Trennungen hat das Internet das Potenzial, Familienbeziehungen stark zu beeinflussen. Im Projekt werden diese Einflüsse entlang des typischen Beziehungsverlaufs systematisiert und diskutiert (Beziehungsanbahnung, -entwicklung, Familiengründung, Trennung), und es wird ein besonderer Fokus auf mit der modernen Mediennutzung zusammenhängende intergenerationale Chancen aber auch Konflikten gelegt. Auf dem Hintergrund sowohl psychologischer als auch medien- und kommunikationswissenschaftlicher Theorien sowie empirischer Befunde werden Antworten auf Fragen gegeben wie:
    1. Beziehungsanbahnung und -aufbau: Wie gestaltet sich das Kennenlernen neuer Partner im modernen Medienzeitalter? Wer nutzt aus welchen Motiven Online-Dating Plattformen? Unterscheiden sich online von offline angebahnte Partnerschaften in Merkmalen der Beziehungsentwicklung und -zufriedenheit? Welche Optionen bietet die digitale Vernetzung in Bezug auf moderne Formen der Familiengründung? Was sind die negativen Trends im Kontext des Online-Datings (z.B. Love Scamming, Ghosting, Cyberstalking, etc.)?
    2. Beziehungsentwicklung und bestehende Partnerschaften: Welchen Einfluss hat die moderne Mediennutzung auf bestehende Partnerschaften? Wie gestalten Paare ihre Binnenkommunikation mittels Internet und Smartphone? Welche neuen Spielräume eröffnen sich, aber auch welchen internetassoziierten Herausforderungen müssen sich Paare heute stellen? Wie effektiv sind Online-Interventionsangebote bei Partnerschaftsproblemen?
    3. Trennungen: Welchen Einfluss hat das Internet auf Trennungen? Können Trennungen und Scheidungen auch online durchgeführt werden und welche Möglichkeiten werden dabei von den (getrennten) Paaren in Anspruch genommen.
    Die mit der modernen Mediennutzung zusammenhängenden Probleme werden zunehmend häufiger auch zum Thema in Beratungen und Psychotherapien. Somit ist wichtig, dass auch psychosozial Tätige mit den Trends digitaler Medien und Online Dating vertraut sind.
    Sexual abuse in psychotherapy
    Sexueller Missbrauch in der Psychotherapie
    Project status: Completed
    Faculty: Medicine
    Project leader: Univ-Prof. Dr. Christiane Eichenberg
    Project runtime: 21.06.2018 - 21.06.2020
    Research Focus:
    • Mental Disorders
    Topic:
    • Abuse
    Project leader:

    Univ-Prof. Dr. Christiane Eichenberg (eichenberg@sfu.ac.at

    Project team:

     

    Cooperation partners:

    Studentin

    Project runtime:

    21.06.2018 - 21.06.2020

    Grants:

    keine

    Description:

    English
    Sexual abuse committed by psychotherapists within psychotherapy is discussed and the experiences of therapists who treat those sexually abused patients in Austria will be collected.
    German
    Im Rahmen eines Forschunpsrojekts wird sich mit sexuellem Missbrauch, der von Psychotherapeutinnen und Psychotherapeuten im Kontext der psychotherapeutischen Behandlung begangen wird, auseinandgesetzt und hierfür die Erfahrungen von Folgetherapeutinnen und Folgetherapeuten betroffener PatientInnen in Österreich erhoben.
    E-Mental Health: Success and Risks
    E-Mental Health: Erfolgs- und Misserfolgsforschung
    Project status: Completed
    Faculty: Medicine
    Project leader: Univ.-Prof. Dr. Christiane Eichenberg
    Project runtime: 21.06.2018 - 21.06.2020
    Research Focus:
    • E-Mental-Health and digital media
    Topic:
    • Online-Counseling
    Project leader:

    Univ.-Prof. Dr. Christiane Eichenberg (eichenberg@sfu.ac.at

    Project team:

     

    Cooperation partners:

    Studierende

    Project runtime:

    21.06.2018 - 21.06.2020

    Grants:

    keine

    Description:

    English
    Although the effectiveness of psychological online help services has been proven, there are still open questions regarding the process. The so-called "online disinhibition effect" (Suler, 2004) describes the phenomenon of people revealing more of themselves online than in personal conversations. However, this effect is considered as theoretically and empirically controversial. There are no research results that prove that self-opening in the online context would be better. In this context, the present study examines self-opening in the context of online and face-to-face counselling. In an additional project, the risks of e-mental health are investigated, e.g. potential violations by both counsellors and people who are seeking advice due to the special features of the online setting.
    German
    Wenngleich die Wirksamkeit von psychologischen Online-Hilfsangeboten belegt ist, bestehen offene Fragen bezüglich der Prozessforschung. Der sogenannte „Online-Enthemmungseffekt“ (Suler, 2004) beschreibt das Phänomen, dass Personen online mehr von sich preisgeben als in persönlichen Gesprächen. Dieser Effekt gilt jedoch als theoretisch und empirisch umstritten. Es gibt keine einheitlichen Forschungsergebnisse von Studien, die belegen, dass die Selbstöffnung im Online-Kontext größer wäre. In diesem Zusammenhang wird in der vorliegenden Studie die Selbstöffnung im Rahmen der Online- und „Face-to-Face“-Beratung untersucht. 
    In einem weiteren Projekt werden die Risiken von E-Mental Health untersucht, so z.B. potenzielle Grenzverletzungen von Seiten der Berater wie auch der Ratsuchenden, die sich aus den Besonderheiten des Online-Settings ergeben.
    Psychoanalysis online
    Psychoanalyse online
    Project status: Running
    Faculty: Medicine
    Project leader: Univ.-Prof. Christiane Eichenberg
    Project runtime: 21.06.2018 - 21.06.2020
    Research Focus:
    • E-Mental-Health and digital media
    Topic:
    • Psychoanalysis
    Project leader:

    Univ.-Prof. Christiane Eichenberg (eichenberg@sfu.ac.a.t

    Project team:

    MSc Lisa Hübner (lisa.huebner@sfu.ac.at

    Cooperation partners:

    s.u.

    Project runtime:

    21.06.2018 - 21.06.2020

    Grants:

    keine

    Description:

    English
    Psychoanalytical theory and practice as well as social relations and mental health are influenced by the development of modern media. In particular, Internet-supported psychoanalytic treatment among psychoanalytic experts opens up an ambivalence between doubt and criticism regarding the use of new media in psychoanalysis, while at the same time a fascination about this topic exists due to new setting options. Discussions about the chances and limits of an "online psychoanalysis" is not sufficient. Furthermore, psychoanalytic processes within Internet communication should be investigated.
    German
    Die psychoanalytische Theorie und Praxis steht ebenso wie soziale Beziehungen und die Bereiche der psychischen Gesundheit unter dem Einfluss der Entwicklung moderner Medien. So eröffnet insbesondere eine internet-gestützte psychoanalytische Behandlung im psychoanalytischen Fachkreis eine Ambivalenz zwischen Zweifel und Kritik an der Verwendung neuer Medien in der Psychoanalyse, bei  gleichzeitiger Faszination für dieses Thema aufgrund sich neu bietender Settingoptionen. Hilfreicher als einseitig geführte Diskussionen um die Chancen und Grenzen einer „Online-Psychoanalyse“, ist es, psychoanalytische Prozesse in der Internet-Kommunikation empirisch fundiert zu beleuchten.
    Internet addiction
    Internetsucht
    Project status: Completed
    Faculty: Medicine
    Project leader: Univ.-Prof. Dr. Christiane Eichenberg
    Project runtime: 21.06.2018 - 21.06.2020
    Research Focus:
    • behavioural addictions
    Topic:
    • Internet addiction
    Project leader:

    Univ.-Prof. Dr. Christiane Eichenberg (eichenberg@sfu.ac.at

    Project team:

     

    Cooperation partners:

    Dr. Jan van Loh/ Berlin

    Project runtime:

    21.06.2018 - 21.06.2020

    Grants:

    keine

    Description:

    English
    The prevalence of Internet addiction is significantly higher among young people than among adults. For instance, 1% of 14- to 64-year-old Germans are considered to be addictive to the Internet use and 4.6% of this age group are classified as problematic Internet users. Adolescents (between the age of 14 and 24 years) have the highest prevalence: 2.4% of this group are addictive Internet users and 13.6% are considered to be problematic ones. Experts agree that this target group requires special treatment strategies. Therefore, the project aims to look at these patients from different therapeutic perspectives as well as along the spectrum of clinical-psychological interventions (from prevention to therapy).Among other things, we carry out a survey of child and adolescent psychotherapists by asking if and how media addiction is documented in the anamnesis.
    German
    Die Prävalenz der Internetsucht liegt bei jungen Menschen deutlich höher als bei Erwachsenen. So gelten 1% der 14- bis 64-jährigen Deutschen als internetabhängig, 4,6% dieser Altersgruppe werden als problematische Internetnutzer eingestuft. Bei Jugendlichen und Adoleszenten (14-24 Jährige) ist die Verbreitung am größten: 2,4% dieser Gruppe stellen abhängige und 13,6% problematische Internetnutzer dar. In Fachkreisen konsensuell ist, dass diese Patientengruppe besondere Behandlungsstrategien erfordern. Daher hat das Projekt zum Ziel, diese Betroffenen in den Blick zu nehmen und dies einerseits aus verschiedene therapeutischen Richtungen, andererseits entlang des Spektrum klinisch-psychologischer Interventionen (von Prävention bis Therapie).
    U.a. führen wir eine Befragungsstudie an Kinder- und Jugendlichenpsychotherapeuten durch verbunden mit der Frage, ob und wenn je wie Mediensucht in der Anamnese erhoben wird.
    Psychosomatic aspects of fertility treatments
    Psychosomatische Aspekte von Kinderwunschbehandlungen
    Project status: Completed
    Faculty: Psychotherapy Science, Medicine
    Project leader: Univ.-Prof. Dr. Christiane Eichenberg
    Project runtime: 21.06.2018 - 21.06.2020
    Research Focus:
    • psychosomatic
    Topic:
    • fertility
    Project leader:

    Univ.-Prof. Dr. Christiane Eichenberg (eichenberg@sfu.ac.at

    Project team:

    Univ. Prof. Dr. Jutta Fiegl (jutta.fiegl@sfu.ac.at

    Cooperation partners:

    Studierende

    Project runtime:

    21.06.2018 - 21.06.2020

    Grants:

    keine

    Description:

    English
    Psychosomatic aspects of fertility and fertility treatment are of high importance. In this context, the Internet is also playing an essential role.In a series of studies, the two psychosomatic institutes of the SFU Vienna are examining the following questions:
    • Single mothers by choice: mothers' motives
    • Single women who want to have children on the Internet: Content analysis of the exchange on the Internet
    • Social egg freezing (no medical indications): women's motives and personality 
    • Fertility treatments: media discourse analysis

    German
    Psychosomatische Aspekte des Kinderwunsches und der Kinderwunschbehandlung sind von hoher Bedeutung. In diesem Zusammenhang nimmt auch das Internet eine immer zentralere Stellung ein.
    Die beiden Psychosomatischen Institute der SFU Wien untersuchen in einer Studienserien Fragestellungen wie z.B.:

    • Single mothers by choice: Motive der Mütter
    • Single Frauen mit Kinderwunsch im Internet: Inhaltsanalyse des Austauschs im Internet
    • Social Egg Freezing bei nicht-med. Indikationen: Motive der Frauen und Persönlichkeit 
    • Kinderwunschbehandlungen: Mediendiskursanalyse

    Attachement Styles and Babies with Feeding Disorders
    Aspekte der Bindungsverhalten bei Babys mit Fütterungsstörungen
    Project status: Running
    Faculty: Medicine
    Project leader: Univ.-Prof. Dr. Christiane Eichenberg
    Project runtime: 21.06.2018 - 21.06.2020
    Research Focus:
    • psychosomatic
    Topic:
    • Psychosomatics in Children and Adolescents
    Project leader:

    Univ.-Prof. Dr. Christiane Eichenberg (eichenberg@sfu.ac.at

    Project team:

     

    Cooperation partners:

    Univ.-Prof. Dr. Frischer, Wilhelminenspital und Team

    Project runtime:

    21.06.2018 - 21.06.2020

    Grants:

    keine

    Description:

    English
    The relationship between mothers' attachment styles and the attachment behavior of infants with feeding disorders is empirically investigated.
    German
    Der Zusammenhang zwischen Bindungsstilen der Mütter und Bindungsverhalten von Babys mit Fütterungsstörungen wird empirisch untersucht.
    Research Group Neuropsychiatry
    Forschungsgruppe Neuropsychiatrie
    Project status: Running
    Faculty: Psychotherapy Science
    Project leader: Univ.-Doz. Dr.med.Dr.Scient. Raphael Bonelli
    Project runtime: 30.09.2011 - 30.09.2037
    Research Focus:
    • Clinical Research
    • Applied Psychotherapy Science Research
    Topic:
    • Neuropsychiatry/Huntington´s Disease
    Project leader:

    Univ.-Doz. Dr.med.Dr.Scient. Raphael Bonelli (raphael.bonelli@sfu.ac.at

    Project team:

    Dr. Stefan Lakonig; Dr. Lene Stabel; Mag. Johannes Wunsch; Dr. Katrin Fölhs 

    Cooperation partners:

    George Huntington Institut Münster; Enroll-HD

    Project runtime:

    30.09.2011 - 30.09.2037

    Grants:

    Enroll-HD

    Description:

    English
    Focus of this research group’s work is Huntington’s disease (HD). HD is an autosomal-dominant transmitted, neurodegenerative disease with a prevalence of 6-12 affected/100.000 persons in Austria. Cause is a mutation of the Huntington-genome on Chromosome 4, leading to an increase in apoptosis of neural cells. HD leads to a trias of symptoms with neurological malfunctions (chorea, dystonia, motility disorder (eyes), gait disorder), psychiatric symptoms (depression, delusion, change of personality,…) and subcortical dementia. There is no causal therapy of HD existing so far. A symptomatic treatment of HD is possible to a limited extent, without stopping HD to progress. Recently published studies were not very significant due to low incidence. Our research focus is the psychology and psychiatry of HD.

    German
    Forschungsschwerpunkt der Arbeitsgruppe ist die Erkrankung Chorea Huntington (Huntington’s disease, HD). HD ist eine autosomal-dominat vererbte, neurodegenerative Erkrankung mit einer Prävalenz von 6 - 12 Betroffenen /100.000 Personen in Österreich. Die Ursache der HD ist eine Mutation im Huntingtin-Gen am Chromosom 4, durch die es zu einer vermehrten Apoptose von Nervenzellen kommt. Bei HD kommt es zu einer Symptomtrias mit neurologischen Ausfällen (Chorea, Dystonie, Augenmotilitätsstörungen, Gangstörungen,…), psychiatrischen Symptomen (Depressionen, Wahnvorstellungen, Veränderungen der Persönlichkeit,…) und einer subkortikalen Demenz. Eine kausale Therapie der HD existiert bisher nicht, eine symptomatische Behandlung der HD ist nur begrenzt möglich, das Voranschreiten der Erkrankung ist damit jedoch nicht zu verhindern. Bis vor kurzem waren die Studien zu HD wegen zu kleiner Fallzahl nur mangelhaft aussagekräftig. Aus diesem Grund sind wir wissenschaftlich europaweit vernetzt: die SFU Forschungsgruppe Neuropsychiatrie ist Mitglied des European HD Networks (EHDN) (www.euro-hd.net) und Mitarbeiter unserer Arbeitsgruppe sind aktiv im REGISTRY Steering Comittee und im Scientific and Bioethics Advisory Committee (SBAC) dieses weltweit größten wissenschaftlichen Netzwerkes für HD tätig. Außerdem kooperieren wir engmaschig mit der Österreichischen Huntingtonhilfe (ÖHH) (www.huntington.at) und der weltweit agierenden Enroll-HD. In den Jahren 2011 und 2017 hat die SFU Forschungsgruppe an den „Leitlinien Chorea“ der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Neurologie mitgearbeitet.
    Obstetricians – second victims of trauma in the delivery room as well as in the court room? Who cares?
    Sekundäre Traumatisierung von GeburtshelferInnen - eine Fragebogenstudie in Deutschland und Österreich
    Project status: Completed
    Faculty: Medicine
    Project leader: Univ.Prof. Dr.med.Dr.phil. Barbara Maier
    Project runtime: 17.09.2016 - 17.09.2018
    Research Focus:
    • Pregnancy and Delivery
    Topic:
    • Obstetrics
    Project leader:

    Univ.Prof. Dr.med.Dr.phil. Barbara Maier (barbara.maier.mab@wienkav.at

    Project team:

     

    Cooperation partners:

    DGPFG Dt. Ges. für Psychosomatische Frauenheilkunde und Geburtshilfe

    Project runtime:

    17.09.2016 - 17.09.2018

    Grants:

    keine

    Description:

    English
    Introduction Professional suffering is a taboo in medicine. Dramatic deliveries may cause traumatisation of obstetricians by confrontation and direct involvement in adverse events.This trauma experience is accompanied by feelings of failure, fault, and guilt and may cause intrusion (flashbacks, nightmares), numbing (emotional anaesthesia), hyperarousal (irritability, poor sleep, failure to concentrate) of obstetricians concerned and result in inferior patient care. Obstetricians may become so-called “Second Victims”.Although working conditions (understaffed departments, time pressure and overwork, lack of expertise and experience) contribute to the emotional burdening of physicians, critique of the system is rare.

    Method An online-survey was sent out by the German and Austrian Societies of Gynaecology and Obstetrics) with epidemiologic questions, semi-structured interviews, elements from the Essener Trauma-Questionnaire and free text passages.

    Subjects adressed:
    • personal and professional demographics/obstetrical settings
    • participant recount of adverse event circumstances
    • physical, psychosocial symptoms developed after trauma experience
    • obstetrics left?
    • recommendations for improvement given by the professionals

    Preliminary Results already available

    Discussion The individualisation of responsibility of the obstetrician produces 4th Victims in future patients, because: patient safety = physicians health = improvements of institutional working conditions.

    Conclusion Fast track referral processes in cases of traumatization should be part of proactive institutional response in terms of “Second Victim Rights”.
    Gestational Diabetes in Immigrants and Women of the Receiving Country Austria.
    Gestationsdiabetes bei Immigrantinnen und Inländerinnen
    Project status: Running
    Faculty: Medicine
    Project leader: Prof.Dr.Dr. Barbara Maier
    Project runtime: 14.09.2018 - 31.08.2019
    Research Focus:
    • Pregnancy and Delivery
    Topic:
    • Gestational Diabetes
    Project leader:

    Prof.Dr.Dr. Barbara Maier (Barbara.maier.mab@wienkav.at

    Project team:

    OÄ Olga Tayel (olga.tayel@wienkav.at); Dr. Stephanie Wolf (stephanie.wolf@wienkav.at

    Cooperation partners:

    Dr. Aydrinkoc-Tuzcu Kadriye, MD und Doz. Peter Fasching, 5. Med WIL, Prof. Wascher, Hanusch-KH

    Project runtime:

    14.09.2018 - 31.08.2019

    Grants:

    Vienna, May 2016 GRANT Bürgermeisterfonds für die Studie Schwangerschaftsdiabetes bei Migrantinnen und Österreicherinnen. Inzidenz - Geburtshilfliche Ergebnisse - Prävention von Typ II ("Alters-") Diabetes.

    Description:

    English
    Gestational diabetes and perinatal outcome in immigrants and women of the receiving country Austria


    Aims and scope of the “GDM and Migration” study. Discussion of hypotheses and expected findings.
    The scope of this study is the implementation of targeted care of women with GDM, on the background of a more distinct definition of migrant. In the few available studies an exact definition of migrant and a differentiation of ethnicity and migration background are lacking (Gagnon, 2011). Therefore adequate approaches are not available so far. The aim of this study is the improved care of migrants with GDM with regard to perinatal outcome, and especially with regard to the prevention of diabetes type-2, associated with cardiovascular disease. Pregnancy can be used as a window of opportunity for prevention of diabetogenic fetal programming and DM type II. Preventative steps could be taken by an improved screening for GDM, an improved management of GDM and in this way by an improved perinatal outcome. GDM-management, fetal programing and birth weight, are interdependently intertwined and relevant for the development of diabetogenic, adipogenic and atherogenic dispositions in future generations (Shellong, 2009). Therefore, this study may serve as a preventative endeavour for generations. An extensive longitudinal follow-up of women with identified GDM is carried out with regard to diabetes type 2 preventatively as well as therapeutically. In Austria 18% of the population are immigrants (Oberaigner, 2013). In the department of obstetrics of Wilhelminen General Hospital more than half of parturient women are immigrants according to the definition by Schenk, 2013. For comparison see the preliminary work carried out in Hanusch General Hospital referring to a pilot project to improve intercultural communication and gynaecological and obstetrical care, Vienna, October 2013 - January 2014 with similar population patterns like Wilhelminen General Hospital.
    Of 1600 deliveries per year in Wilhelminen General Hospital about 800 immigrants will presumably be identified. In the immigration population 10% of women are expected to manifest GDM. That way, 160 women with GDM and migration background (according to the definition of Schenk, 2013) will at least be identified with GDM and will be taken care of during pregnancy within two years. This is the study arm to receive follow up for prevention or eventually therapy for diabetes type 2. The study will be performed from February 1st 2017 and continued also 2018 until populations of all four study arms have an adequate study power. Also, subgroups will be differentiated with specific migration backgrounds. In none of previous studies there was an adequate taking into account of • Country of birth of father and mother • Duration of residence in the receiving country • Language barrier • Status of immigration This present study works with an exact definition of who a migrant is: a person (according to Schenk) both of whose parents were born in another country or the person herself or at least one parent was born in another country. On the background of genetic, epigenetic and life-style factors, eventual experiences and challenges of migration can be more adequately evaluated. This definition also helps to learn about relevant factors for the development of GDM or type 2 diabetes. In the so far largest review of studies on migration and GDM (data collected until 2009 with inclusion of 126.298 women) 79% of the studies available showed a higher incidence of GDM for immigrants in comparison with pregnant and parturient women of receiving countries (Gagnon, 2011). Immigration is a risk factor for GDM as well as type 2 diabetes. Up to 70% of women with GDM develop type 2 diabetes within 5 to 10 years after the pregnancy in which GDM was diagnosed. Risk factors were a history of GDM, previous LGA- babies, a family report of type 2 diabetes and48 a high BMI before conception. Problematic in this large review is the poor definition of migration, the poor differentiation with regard to the above mentioned factors, duration of residence, the language barrier, experiences of discrimination and immigration status. Also the policies of integration in the receiving country with regard to immigrants were not evaluated. Nevertheless, in spite of these shortcomings, it could be shown that migration is a marker for the risk of GDM. But, why this is the case was not deducable from the review of Gagnon, 2011. Our data will be used to improve care conditions for these women and through them for their offspring. Building on existing preliminary work, recommendations will be offered for improved obstetric care of pregnant mothers with a migration background. In addition, recommendations regarding long-term care and prevention of GDM will be submitted. This study and its findings should be able to give an answer to the above mentioned questions. Its findings should serve for an improved pregnancy care for immigrants in Austria leading to an improved perinatal outcome and especially, to the implementation of long-term prevention of diabetes type 2 in the immigrant female population.
    German


    Gestationsdiabetes (GDM) bei Immigrantinnen und Inländerinnen
    im Vergleich: Inzidenz, Verlauf, Entwicklung vom DM II

    Die vorliegende Studie hat zum Hauptziel, festzustellen, welchen Einfluss ein Migrationshintergrund auf das Auftreten, die Therapie und das perinatale Outcome bei Gestationsdiabetes hat. Die von den AutorInnen angeführten Daten zeigen, dass Migration im besonderen Schwangerschaft und Geburt sowie das Kind negativ beeinflusst. Auch das Risiko, Gestationsdiabetes zu entwickeln, scheint bei Migrantinnen deutlich erhöht zu sein. Auf diesem Gebiet besteht noch großer Forschungsbedarf, denn es fehlte bisher eine einheitliche Definition von Migration, wie sie die AutorInnen in der vorliegenden Arbeit verwenden (nach Schenk, 2013).Gestationsdiabetes hat hohe Relevanz auch im Sinne der Kosten für unser Gesundheitssystem. Nicht nur das unmittelbare geburtshilfliche kindliche Outcome (Makrosomie) wird beeinflusst, wobei unter anderem Risiken für Geburtsverletzungen, Präeklampsie oder Bluthochdruck erhöht sind. Die Literatur zeigt, dass ungefähr 50% der Patientinnen mit Gestationsdiabetes innerhalb von 8 Jahren nach der Geburt Diabetes Mellitus Typ 2 entwickeln und somit eine lebenslange intensive medizinische Versorgung benötigen. Auch die Kinder von an Gestationsdiabetes erkrankten Frauen leiden in ihrem weiteren Leben unter erhöhter Morbidität, vor allem durch das gehäufte Auftreten von metabolischem Syndrom und den damit verbundenen zahlreichen negativen Auswirkungen auf ihre Gesundheit. Das Wilhelminenspital eignet sich hervorragend zur Erhebung von Daten für die vorliegende Studie, da mehr als 50% der an der Abteilung für Geburtshilfe betreuten Patientinnen Migrationshintergrund (nach Schenk, 2013) aufweisen. Von den 1600 Patientinnen, die pro Jahr an der Abteilung entbinden, manifestieren mindestens 10% Gestationsdiabetes. Somit kann davon ausgegangen werden, dass in der beabsichtigten Beobachtungsdauer von 2 Jahren eine ausreichende statistische Power erreicht und signifikante Ergebnisse erzielt werden können. Die Nachbetreuung der GDM diagnostizierten Frauen erfolgt im WSP mit der 5.Med. in Kooperation mit der 1.Med. des Hanuschkrankenhauses.In Zeiten der Flüchtlingskrise und zunehmender Immigration von Frauen im gebärfähigen Alter hat dieses Thema enorme Bedeutung für Betroffene wie unser Gesundheitssystem. Es wird in Zukunft unumgänglich sein, sich mit der speziellen Situation und den Bedürfnissen dieser Patientinnen auseinander zu setzen und neue Erkenntnisse zu gewinnen, um einerseits effektiv präventiv tätig sein zu können, und andererseits eine optimale Betreuung schwangerer Frauen als Patientinnen sowie ihrer Kinder gewährleisten zu können.
    Paedophilia
    Paedophilie
    Project status: Completed
    Faculty: Psychotherapy Science, Psychology
    Project leader: Univ.-Prof. Dr. Brigitte Sindelar; Lisa Landsteiner, MSc.
    Project runtime: 01.09.2016 - 31.05.2018
    Research Focus:
    • Applied Psychotherapy Science Research
    Topic:
    • Disorder-specific Research
    Project leader:

    Univ.-Prof. Dr. Brigitte Sindelar (brigitte.sindelar@sfu.ac.at); Lisa Landsteiner, MSc. (lisa.landsteiner@sfu.ac.at

    Project team:

    Anita Mold, BA.; Berenike Kolmer 

    Cooperation partners:

    keine

    Project runtime:

    01.09.2016 - 31.05.2018

    Grants:

    keine

    Description:

    English
    The project’s contents are two complementary studies, one dealing with convicted pedophile persons, the other with experts who are providing psycho-social counseling and psychotherapy to pedophile clients.

    1. Personality profiles of pedophile offenders

    In literature, pedophile offenders are assigned different personality profiles which have been developed from a hermeneutic perspective (e.g. Friedrich, 2001). In the MIKADO study, a research project of the University of Regensburg, conducted among 28,000 adults and more than 2,000 children and youth in an interdisciplinary network in Germany and Finland, behavioral characteristics of persons with pedophilia (among many other results) were identified. The project’s research question focusses on similarities in the personality profiles of pedophile men, not only regarding behavior, but also – based on an individual-psychological, psychoanalytic understanding - regarding psychodynamics. This is carried out through an empirical study of convicted male pedophiles. In order to capture the behavioral level, a disorder-specific self-assessment questionnaire (MSI - Multiphasic Sex Inventory, (Nichols, Molinder & Deegener, 1996)), which records psychosexual characteristics in sexual offenders, is used. The Rorschach test, which cannot be falsified through responses made based on their social acceptability or other intentional or unintentional manipulations by the tested person, is used to record psychodynamics and structural personality traits.

    2. Psycho-social interventions with pedophile persons

    Due to the strong social stigma and lifelong limitations with living their sexual needs, persons with pedophilia are a special clientele. Through guided interviews with counsellors and psychotherapists, the study focuses on the challenges and successes when counseling and working therapeutically with pedophiles. It aims at capturing how the cooperation is shaped, which picture of pedophilia arises when dealing with this social taboo, and which training and interests led to this specific field of work.
    German
    Inhalt des Projekts sind zwei einander ergänzende Untersuchungen, wovon sich eine mit strafrechtlich verurteilten pädophilen Tätern, die andere mit Expertinnen und Experten, die in der psychosozialen Beratung und Psychotherapie pädophiler Personen tätig sind.

    1. Persönlichkeitsprofile von pädophilen Straftätern:
    Pädophile Täter werden in der Literatur unterschiedliche Persönlichkeitsprofile zugeordnet, die aus einer hermeneutischen Sichtweise entwickelt wurden (zum Beispiel Friedrich, 2001). Aktuelle Forschungsergebnisse der MIKADO-Studie, einem Forschungsprojekt der Universität Regensburg (MIKADO-Studie), das in einem interdisziplinären Netzwerk in Deutschland und Finnland durchgeführt wurde und an dem insgesamt 28.000 Erwachsene und mehr als 2000 Kinder und Jugendliche teilnahmen, zeigen unter vielen anderen Ergebnissen Verhaltensmerkmale von pädophilen Personen auf.Die Forschungsfrage in diesem Projekt fokussiert auf die Fragestellung, ob bei pädophilen Männern Gemeinsamkeiten im Persönlichkeitsprofil nicht nur auf der Verhaltensebene, sondern auch, ausgehend von einem individualpsychologischen psychoanalytischen Verständnis, in der Psychodynamik zu finden sind.Dies wird an einer Gruppe von wegen Pädophilie strafrechtlich verurteilten Männern empirisch untersucht. Zum Einsatz kommt dabei zur Erfassung der Verhaltensebene ein störungsspezifischer Selbstbeurteilungsfragebogen (MSI – Multiphasic  Sex Inventory; (Nichols, Molinder & Deegener, 1996), der psychosexuelle Merkmale bei Sexualstraftätern erfasst. Zur Erfassung der Psychodynamik und der strukturellen Persönlickeitsmerkmale wird der Rorschach-Test verwendet, der gegen Verfälschungen durch Antworten in Richtung sozialer Erwünschtheit oder andere beabsichtigte oder unbeabsichtigte Beeinflussungen durch die Untersuchten immun ist

        2. Psychosoziale Interventionsarbeit bei Personen mit Pädophilie

    Aufgrund der starken gesellschaftlichen Stigmatisierung und der Anforderung, sexuelle Bedürfnisse lebenslang nur eingeschränkt ausleben zu können, stellen Personen mit Pädophilie eine besondere Klientel dar. Die Untersuchung fokussiert die Schwierigkeiten und Erfolge im therapeutischen und Beratungssetting von pädophilen Personen mittels Leitfadeninterviews, die mit in der Beratung und in der Psychotherapie Tätigen durchgeführt werden. Erfasst werden soll, wie sich die Zusammenarbeit gestaltet, welches Bild von Pädophilie sich in der Auseinandersetzung mit dem gesellschaftlichen Tabu in den Erzählungen der pädophilen Personen konstituiert und welche Ausbildungs- und Interessenswege zu dieser Klientel geführt haben.