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Childhood neglect and its consequences on young adults health
Project status: Completed
Faculty: Psychology
Project leader: Greta Riboli, MSc
Project runtime: 01.09.2018 - 31.12.2020
Research Focus:
  • Developmental Psychology; Developmental Psychopathology, Child- and Adolescent Psychology
Topic:
  • resilience
Project leader:

Greta Riboli, MSc (g.riboli@milano-sfu.it

Project team:

Prof. Gianni Brighetti (g.brighetti@milano-sfu.it); Rosita Borlimi, Phd (r.borlimi@milano-sfu.it); Mattia Nese, MSc (m.nese@milano-sfu.it

Cooperation partners:

None

Project runtime:

01.09.2018 - 31.12.2020

Grants:

None

Description:

English
Childhood neglect (CN) is one of the most widespread type of child maltreatment. CN can generate several consequences (e.g. depression, anxiety) throughout adolescence and adulthood. Maternal and paternal neglect may cause different pathological outcomes in development. Children who experienced CN tend to use specific maladaptive strategies of emotional regulation, including rumination. This project aims to investigate the connection between maternal and paternal neglect and repetitive thoughts (i.e. depressive and anger rumination).
Italian validation of the Anger Regulation and Expression Scale (ARES, DiGiuseppe & Tafrate, 2011) and the Anger Cognition Scale (ACS, Martin & Dahlen, 2017).
Project status: Completed
Faculty: Psychology
Project leader: Dr Simona Scaini
Project runtime: 14.02.2019 - 01.12.2019
Research Focus:
  • Developmental Psychology; Developmental Psychopathology, Child- and Adolescent Psychology
Topic:
  • diagnostics
  • aggression
Project leader:

Dr Simona Scaini (s.scaini@milano-sfu.it

Project team:

 

Cooperation partners:

Studi Cognitivi

Project runtime:

14.02.2019 - 01.12.2019

Grants:

-

Description:

English
STUDY DESCRIPTION:Objective: The purpose of the study was to validate Italian version of the Anger Regulation and Expression Scale (ARES, DiGiuseppe & Tafrate, 2011) and the Anger Cognition Scale (ACS, Martin & Dahlen, 2017). A number of CBT interventions have been used to treat clinically disturbed anger and aggressive expression of anger. However, to our knowledge, we have no Italian scales to measure anger in childhood and adolescence. Thus, the Italian version of these two measures could help assessment of these difficulties in clinical practice. Methods: 500 children and adolescents (age 11–18) will be recruited in school settings. Children and adolescents will fill-in several self-report questionnaires (see measures section), in addition to ARES and ACS, in order to assess construct validity. Statistical analysis, such as explorative and confirmatory factorial analysis, Pearson product-moment correlation, will be used to investigate factorial structure and psychometric properties. Parents will be informed about the aims of the research and will sign an informed consent in order to allow their children’s participation in the study in accordance with Declaration of Helsinki.
Italian validation of the FilmStim database
Project status: Completed
Faculty: Psychology
Project leader: D S Scaini
Project runtime: 14.02.2019 - 01.12.2020
Research Focus:
  • Developmental Psychology; Developmental Psychopathology, Child- and Adolescent Psychology
Topic:
  • diagnostics
Project leader:

D S Scaini (s.scaini@milano-sfu.it

Project team:

 

Cooperation partners:

Vita-Salute San Raffaele University Milan

Project runtime:

14.02.2019 - 01.12.2020

Grants:

-

Description:

English
Short Study Description: Objective: The present study aims to validate the Italian version of FilmStim (Schaefer, Nils, Sanchez, & Philippot, 2010), a large database of emotion-eliciting films. Actually, FilmStim includes 70 brief video clips that could be used in psychological research to elicit 7 emotional categories (anger, happiness, fear, disgust, sadness, tenderness and neutral). FilmStim is quite used in experimental research on emotion and affect as it has been shown to be effective in eliciting participants' emotions, as also indicated by the quite number of citations the paper validating the database has received until now (467 citations on Google Scholar at October, 12th, 2018). Currently, the database has been validated in French and with Belgian adult participants (364 undergraduate students were recruited in the original study). An English version of the stimuli tested by Schaefer et al. (2010) have been made available by the Authors themselves without being validated.
In this study we aim at examining the effectiveness of the Italian version of the FilmStim stimuli. The selection of appropriate and effective emotional stimuli is crucial in affective sciences. Despite the widespread use of static pictures for inducing emotions, it has been showed that videos are even more effective than pictures; their dynamic nature and the co-occurrence of visual and auditory information allow to involve participants in more realistic situations (e.g., Gross & Levenson, 1995).
Indeed, emotion expression and perception may be also affected by the linguistic content of the message and the socio-cultural environment (e.g., Elfenbein & Ambady, 2002; Kitayama, Mesquita, & Karasawa, 2006); thus, before being properly used in Italian, FilmStim needs validation with Italian-speaking participants who live in Italy. Moreover, to further extend the database usability, we aim at investigating emotional reactivity to FilmStim stimuli in a sample of adolescents (age 14-18). The study of emotions in adolescents is of interest since deficits in emotion recognition could lead to poor social functioning and to the development and maintenance of psychopathologies. Several studies in literature, using affectively valent stimuli, established that there are important differences between typical and atypical groups of individuals in the recognition and processing of emotionally valent information. Different relationships between the valence (pleasant or unpleasant) and the reaction (levels of arousal or intensity) to an emotional stimulus have been found. Moreover, also in young patients, it has been showed a dissociation between the psychological reporting and the autonomic change in the recognition, appraisal and response to emotions of differing valences (e.g. Blair, 2003; Bylsma, Morris, & Rottenberg, 2008). Thus, identifying and measuring subjective emotional reactivity could be particularly important in young patients. Adequate expression and interpretation of emotions are important steps to a successful social performance. The identification of processes underling the development and maintenance of deficit in these abilities is important not only from a diagnostic point of view and for determining trait complexity but will also offer the base for a correct assessment and treatment of psychological disorders in adolescence.
When shrinks get angry...
Wenn der Seelenklempner wütend wird…
Project status: Completed
Faculty: Psychotherapy Science
Project leader: Univ.-Prof. Dr. Thomas Stephenson
Project runtime: 01.07.2015 - 01.12.2016
Research Focus:
  • Applied Psychotherapy Science Research
Topic:
  • Research on the Psychotherapeutic Process
Project leader:

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Thomas Stephenson (thomas.stephenson@sfu.ac.at

Project team:

Mag. Manfred Reisinger (manfred.reisinger@sfu.ac.at

Cooperation partners:

keine

Project runtime:

01.07.2015 - 01.12.2016

Grants:

keine

Description:

English
Psychotherapists expressing anger and aggression: a comparative quantitative-empirical study, focusing on a psychodynamic individual-psychological perspective
German
Aggression und Ärgerausdruck von Psychotherapeutinnen und Psychotherapeuten: Eine vergleichende quantitativ-empirische Untersuchung unter besonderer Berücksichtigung einer psychodynamisch-individualpsychologischen Perspektive